All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. The T23 had an armament consisting of a 76 mm anti-tank gun, two 7.62 mm Browning M1919 machine guns, one mounted coaxially and one in the bow, and a 12.7 mm Browning M2HB mount on top of the turret, which was a turret later adapted for use on the M4 Sherman. Description. Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 9/25/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com The M4 Sherman was undoubtedly the face of the American armored corps during World War 2 (1939-1945). The Ordnance had already been working on heavily armored infantry tank design using M4 parts for the British. Media in category "T20 Medium Tank" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. Additionally, the AGF declined to adopt the M27 as they did not wish to interrupt M4 production, although by 1943 the manufacture of M4's had reached such a mammoth scale it seems unlikely that a staged switch over to M27 production would have significantly reduced tank output. [2] The T20 used a torque converter fluid drive, the T22 a 5-speed mechanical drive similar to the M4 drive, and the T23 used an electric drive. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. - posted in American Vehicles: RangerCharlie75, on 11 April 2017 - 01:09 PM, said: I dont have the same luck with the Pershing as I had in the T20. The Medium Tank T20 was part of a series of medium tanks designed by the United States during the Second World War, to be the successor to the M4 Sherman. The US T20 Medium Tank was developed as a replacement to the US Army M4 Sherman as the Sherman entered production. There was only one T22 constructed. (Showcased powerplant information pertains to the, (Showcased performance values pertain to the, (Showcased armament details pertain to the, Medium Tank T20 - Base Series Designation. T20 Medium Tank – amerykański prototypowy czołg średni opracowany podczas II wojny światowej, będący pierwszym z serii pojazdów (T20, T22, T23), opracowanych w celu zastąpienia czołgów M4 Sherman.. Prace nad projektem rozpoczęte zostały w 1942 roku. The design was prepared but held in abeyance as it was deemed too heavy for the light tank class. The Ordnance Department had already been working on heavily armored infantry tank design using M4 parts for the British. With standardization of the M27 rejected, the Ordnance Department continued designing improved tanks, this time armed with 90 mm guns. Not strictly part of the T20 series medium tanks, but closely related to them, the T21 was proposed as a replacement for the M3 and M5 series of Light tanks. Going to miss this girl. T20 (Medium Tank T20) - a series of experienced medium tanks, which were developed in the United States during the Second World War.The program for the development of a new medium tank, which would be superior to the German counterparts encountered by … The first prototype was produced in May 1943, and trials went on until 1944. The reason for this lay partly in the decision of the Army Ground Forces command (AGF) not to act upon the growing obsolescence of the M4 design. The abandoned T20 Medium Tank was envisioned as a possible successor to the famous M4 Sherman Medium Tank line for the Americans. T20 Medium Tank. The small size of the tank and narrow body make it easy to hide and easier to avoid fire. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Production models featured the T80 turret that would later be used in modified form on the upgunned M4 variants. Despite this impressive service tenure, the M4 was something of an obsolete product even by 1944 standards particularly with the arrival of the new generation of German medium/heavy tanks (the Panzer V, VI, and VIB) of the war. In 19… German Tigers had already been encountered by this time, but only in small number and the AGF did not expect to see them fielded in quantity. The first prototype was produced in May 1943, and trials went on until 1944. The T20 is an American tier 7 medium tank. However, the request was rejected and neither design was ever mass-produced. Successive evolution of the basic design culminated in the M26 Pershing. The first in a series of 1942–1943 U.S. medium tank designs intended as replacements for the M4 Sherman. The first in a series of 1942–1943 U.S. medium tank designs intended as replacements for the M4 Sherman. With the need for a new light tank, representatives of the Ordnance Department and the Armored Force held a conference at Fort Knox on August 18th, 1942. where it was decided that they should use the new T20 medium tank as a basis for the light tank. Subsequent T20 models changed the primary armament and suspension system: The T20E1 was to carry the 75mm main gun and have a Horizontal Volute Spring Suspension (HVSS) suspension though this model's development was ended and its turret carried over to the upcoming developmental T22E1 mark. T20E3: 76 mm gun and torsion bar suspension, Of the above only the T20 and T20E3 were completed, the T20E3 being converted from the T20E2 prototype. The Carro Armato (armored vehicle) was the Italian Army's designation for tanks from 1938 onwards. The T2 Medium Tank is an American tier 2 medium tank. 21 relations. T20 Medium Tank. The Medium Tank T20 was part of a series of medium tanks designed by the United States during the Second World War, to be the successor to the Medium Tank M4 "Sherman", and culminated in the M27. The T25 had an armament consisting of a 90 mm anti-tank gun, two 7.62 mm Browning M1919 machine guns, one mounted coaxially and one in the bow, and a 12.7 mm Browning M2HB mount on top of the turret. Share. The Sherman had performed admirably in North Africa and Italy so there was no sense of urgency to replace it. The T22E2 with 3 inch gun and torsion bar suspension was never constructed. The T20 is a premium rank III American medium tank with a battle rating of 5.7 (AB/RB/SB). The main differences between the T20, T22 and T23 lay in the choice of transmission. Intended as a replacement for the M4 Sherman tank, it features a rear transmission that gives it a much lower profile than the Sherman series, as well as the 76 mm gunfor additional anti-tank firepower. [citation needed] Perhaps also of significance the M27 would have mounted the 76 mm gun, the introduction of which to the tank force was opposed by the AGF. The Medium Tank T20 was part of a series of medium tanks designed by the United States during the Second World War, to be the successor to the M4 Sherman. Cart & Checkout; Help; Order Status; Shop Home; Currency: » 75mm gun T22 » 7TP » A39 Tortoise » A6M Zero » A6M Zero Experimental medium tank. Successive evolution of the basic design culminated in the M26 Pershing. L'US Ordnance Department, quasi immediatamente dopo l'accettazione in servizio del M4 Sherman, iniziò a lavorare su un suo successore. [citation needed] The AGF's reason for rejecting the 76 mm gun was that it would encourage tank crews to stalk enemy tanks, an idea in conflict with then current US armor doctrine, and had a much less effective high explosive shell than the 75 mm M3 gun. 9/25/2018 The T20 is a more mobile and smaller vehicle platform than the Sherman series. The first prototype was produced in May 1943, and trials went on until 1944. The vehicle was not approved for mass production, but subsequent prototypes, the T22 and T23, were created on the basis of this development. Additionally, the Soviets - set to become the West's direct post-war threat - were finding success with their T-34 medium and "Josef Stalin" heavy tanks (the IS-2). Development. (Showcased structural values pertain to the. This would be followed by a letter and a series of numbers. The T22 had the same hull, modified HVSS suspension, cast turret and long barrel 76 mm (3 in) gun as the previous T20. The T20 series was deemed unsuccessful on the grounds that the transmission was subject to excessive oil leaks and overheating. T23: 76 mm gun and vertical volute suspension, T23E3: 76 mm gun and torsion bar suspension. It was to have been based on the T20 mechanicals, would have had a 30 mm armour base, been armed with the 76 mm gun and weighed 24 tons. The US T20 Medium Tank. The immediate result of this line of development was the T25 series—basically a slightly enlarged version of the T23—and then the bigger, better protected T26. Weapons similar to or like T20 Medium Tank. What makes T20 … The driveshaft used in the M3 & M4 vehicles forced the turret to be mounted higher increasing the vehicle height. Although Ordnance began work on the T20 medium tank series as Sherman replacements, ultimately the Army decided to minimize production disruption by incorporating elements of other tank designs into the Sherman. The T23 was not adopted for service partly because of its untried transmission system and partly because the design had poor weight distribution and excessive ground pressure. [2]. Il Medium Tank T20 era parte di una famiglia di carri armati medi progettati negli Stati Uniti durante la seconda guerra mondiale come successori del carro M4 Sherman, serie culminata nel M27 Storia. A vehicle with a similar play style to the T20 would be the T25, not surprising consideri… Almost immediately after the M4 Sherman was standardized, the US Ordnance Department started work on a successor. Developed from 1930 to 1932. The T23 was actually the first of the T20 series prototypes completed and was found to be highly maneuverable. It was to have been based on the T20 mechanicals, would have had a 30 mm armour base, been armed with the 76 mm gun and weighed 24 tons. Completed as the T20E3. 1 x Ford GAN V-8 gasoline engine developing 470 horsepower. T20E2: 3 inch gun and torsion bar suspension. The vehicle had a crew of five, a weight of 35,100 kg, used the same 474 hp, Ford GAN V8 engine as the earlier T23 Medium Tank, and had a top speed of 48 km/h. The engine was a V-8 supplied by Ford. The T25 also used a modified T23 Medium Tank hull, … Like the T20 and T22, T23's with the 75 mm automatic gun and 3 inch gun were planned but never constructed. T20 is a great medium. In an attempt to rectify this, two further variants were ordered, the T23E3 with torsion bar suspension and the T23E4 with horizontal volute suspension. Ford GAN V8 engine with electric transmission. Big, tall, boxy and clunky, it looks like the lovechild of the T1 Cunningham and an industrial air-conditioning unit. Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: T20 Medium Tank Tips? Ford GAN V8 engine with torque converter and Hydra-matic transmission, T20: 76 mm gun M1 and horizontal volute suspension, T20E1: 75 mm automatic gun and horizontal volute suspension. [2], Ford GAN V8 engine with M4 type mechanical transmission, T22: 76 mm gun and horizontal volute suspension, T22E1: 75 mm automatic gun and horizontal volute suspension. The T20E2 had a 77mm main gun. Starting with the T20, the Ordnance Department initially developed three series of improved medium tank prototypes, the T20, T22, and T23. The main differences between the T20, T22 and T23 lay in the choice of transmission. This version was cancelled and the turret used on the T22E1. The 76 mm and 90 mm guns were both accepted much more readily into the tank destroyer service, however US tanks were not always able to avoid direct confrontations with German tanks and the shortcomings of the 75 mm M3 gun against armor handicapped American tanks for much of the war. The speed allows you to get where you need to be to maximize your capabilities and to reposition when spotted. The first in a series of 1942–1943 U.S. medium tank designs intended as replacements for the M4 Sherman. Motor Ford GAN V8 s hydrodynamickým měničem momentu, převodovkou typu Hydra-matic a podvozkem s horizontálním spirálním pérováním, vybavený 76 mm kanónem M1. Within each different prototype series, a variety of different suspension and armament configurations were tried out, for example, the T20 had an early version of the HVSS suspension later employed on the M4 Sherman, whereas the T20E3 had torsion bar suspension. T20E1: Vybavený 75mm automatickým kanónem a horizontálním spirálním pérováním. The 90mm hits very hard. The 75 mm automatic gun was tested in this installation and gave a maximum rate of fire of 20 rounds a minute, but was abandoned in December 1944 on the basis that it was unreliable and larger calibre guns were now the priority. 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