But it was the rains that it caused resulted in massive flooding and the collapse of the Banqiao Dam. Typhoon Lingling Is Coming: ... leading to a staggering death toll of around 300,000. Liu Kegeng/CHINA NEWS SERVICE/VCG via Getty Images From the dawn of civilization to today, floods have caused more human deaths and wreaked more extensive devastation than any natural force. Bão Nina, được biết đến ở Philippines với tên gọi Bão Bebeng, là xoáy thuận nhiệt đới thứ ba được đặt tên trong mùa bão Tây Bắc Thái Bình Dương 1975.Cơn bão tồn tại trong khoảng 9 ngày, từ lúc hình thành vào ngày 30 tháng 7 đến khi tan trong ngày 8 tháng 8. Monsoons Over China by Ding Yihui, Springer 1994 edition (December 31, 1993), page 229. http://www.hnqx.cn/xqhy/xq_view.jsp?id=6814, "Super Typhoon Nina (04W) Preliminary Report", "Typhoon Nina Batters Taiwan With Rain, Wind", FIFTH INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON TROPICAL CYCLONES TOPIC 2.1 Observing and forecasting rainfall, 27th Conference on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Typhoon_Nina_(1975)&oldid=992063347, Tropical cyclone articles needing attention, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 08:12. At a height of 387 feet (118 metres) and with a storage capacity of some 17.4 billion cubic feet (492 million cubic metres), it was designed to withstand a “1,000-year” flood (i.e., a flood level expected once every millennium). [1], The storm began to weaken as it went across the island's central mountain range, sparing the most populated areas from the eyewall. A prominent hydrologist, Chen Xing, whose warnings and criticisms had gone unheeded during construction of the Banqiao Dam, was brought back to help in clearing the river channels. The death toll from Typhoon Nina climbed to 438 today as rescue workers prepared to airlift food and medicine to survivors in coastal villages demolished by a storm. 1975: Typhoon Nina, China. The 1975 Banqiao Dam failure was the collapse of 62 dams including the largest Banqiao Dam in Henan, China under the influence of Typhoon Nina of 1975. Omissions? It had no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1975, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. 1975 Banqiao Dam failure Main article: 1975 Banqiao Dam failure In August 1975, the Banqiao dam collapsed, creating the third-largest flood in history which affected a total population of 10.15 million and inundated around 30 cities and counties of 12,000 square kilometers (or 3 million acres), with an estimated death toll ranging from tens of thousands to 240,000. Typhoon Nina, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Bebeng, was the fourth-deadliest tropical cyclone on record. [9], Due to the interaction with the mountains of Taiwan, Nina weakened to a tropical storm before making landfall in mainland China. The number of people affected by the disaster exceeded 10 million. The typhoon killed about 3,000 people in Haiphong, Vietnam. If necessary, add {} after the link to keep me from modifying it. The regions most affected were rural and had poor communication systems making storm warnings nearly impossible. China was hit by typhoon Nina in 1975. Tropical Storm Nina rapidly intensifies and becomes Super Typhoon Nina with winds of 160 mph (140 knots) and central pressure of 904 millibars on August 1, 1975, making it a Category 5 typhoon. At least 229,000 people died after the Banqiao Dam collapsed (in Zhumadian, Henan Province, China) and devastated areas downstream. A subtropical ridge prevented Nina from turning further north and it began to track west-northwest just before reaching typhoon intensity. Corrections? Close. The town of Daowencheng, just downstream, was immediately inundated, and all 9,600 citizens were killed. Updates? The absence of an early-warning system or an evacuation plan exacerbated the disaster, and 26,000 people died in the floods, according to the official death toll. TIL in 1975, Typhoon Nina's rainfall was responsible for 62 dams failing in China, leading to an official death toll of 26,000. There were erroneous reports that the typhoon was the third-deadliest tropical cyclone on record with a death toll of 300,000, but this was likely due to mixing the death toll with the damage total, as the city … In addition, an estimated 145,000 people died from epidemics (caused by contamination of the water) and from famine; some estimates put the total death toll at more than 220,000. When it hit China on August 5, 1975 wind speeds were around 110 kmph. [5] Wind gusts were also measured up to 222 km/h (138 mph). [8] Across the island, domestic flights, trains, and bus services were all suspended due to the storm; however, Taipei Songshan Airport remained open for international flights. In all, 62 dams failed during the disaster, causing large temporary lakes and $1.2 billion (1975 USD) in damage. 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