To replace its British-supplied 105 mm armed Centurion MBTs, Canada selected a modified version of the German Krauss-Maffei Leopard 1A3 fitted with the Belgian SABCA computerized fire-control system. The tank had its roots in the First World War, as is well known; however, Canada did not employ in combat any tank units until the Second World War. More than 3,480 Leopard 2s have been manufactured. By September 2007, 20 Leopard 2A6’s on loan from the German Bundeswehr, upgraded to 2A6M standard of enhanced mine protection, were in service in Afghanistan, along with two Leopard 2 Büffel armoured recovery vehicles. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The 2A6M is the most modern serving Leopard variant, though KMW had proposed a “Leopard 2 Peace Support Operations” variant with improved protection, and integrated combat engineering capabilities. All walkarounds » (87 in total) Newsfeed. “Right now, the Canadian commander [in Latvia] has tanks from Poland under his command and he knows how to use them effectively because he learned those skills here.”. Eighteen Leopard 2 chassis were converted to armoured engineer vehicles. All the young RCAC officers were hoping to serve in Germany or Gagetown on the Leopard 1 tank.” The first Leopard 1 MBTs were loaned to the CAF by West Germany in 1977. Following an initial assessment of their performance in Afghanistan, the Army decided to upgrade to next generation Leopard 2. The Leopard 2A4 tank derives its superior fighting capabilities through its optimal combination of firepower, protection, mobility and controllability. There are colour variations in all publications but so were there on all the tanks due to weathering. Twenty Leopard 2A6M were borrowed from the German Army beginning in mid-2007 to support the Canadian deployment in Afghanistan, with the first tank handed over after upgrading by KMW on August 2, 2007, and arriving in Afghanistan on August 16, 2007. The Leopard C2 MBT is a Canadian upgrade of the German Leopard 1. Barbarossa to ‘Berlog’ – Soviet Air Force, Rome Military mid-fourth century to the mid-third century BC, Rommel Recaptures Cyrenaica, January 1942, Russian Weapons, that are currently in service…, A Lesson of History: The Luftwaffe and Barbarossa. Leopard 1 Leopard 1A3 (Canadian Leopard C1) at the Base Borden Military Museum Type Main battle tank Place of origin West Germany Service history Wars War in Afghanistan Specifications Weight 42.2 tonnes (increased on later models from original 40.0 American combat experience in Baghdad and Canada’s experience in Afghanistan made it clear the mix of enhanced armour protection and heavy firepower only available in tracked armoured vehicles were essential to most combat operations. With the delivery of the new Leopard 2 Tank Mobility Implements in the fall of 2017, the last Leopard 1 tanks have been parked for good. The Leopard 2 first saw combat in Kosovo with the German Army and has also seen action in Afghanistan with the Danish and Canadian contributions to the International Security Assistance Force. There were only ever 5 x Leopard C1s with MEXAS deployed to Kosovo between 1999 and 2000. Canadian Leopard 2A6M CAN in Afghanistan Using photos taken by Anthony Sewards and Rick Saucier, compiled into an attractive album, this first Model Foto Focus from Trackpad Publishing includes colour full-view and walkaround captioned photographs. No infantry Motor battalion was assigned to it, and the brigade was assigned to the British 2nd Army in January 1944 to begin training for its role in Operation OVERLORD, the invasion of Normandy. For 40 years, Canadian soldiers relied on the Leopard 1 to provide direct fire support to manoeuvring forces. Motorized machine gun units, using wheeled vehicles, had been very successfully employed by the Canadians in the First World War, but disbanded at war's end in 1918. The Canadian Leopard 2A6M CAN had a baptism by fire in Afghanistan as soon as it entered service. “Armour lets people get places where they wouldn’t be able to get to, destroy things that other assets can’t destroy, and survive things that allow the combat team to do the things they need to do.”. The Leopard 1C1 was the equivalent of the Leopard 1A3. Some suggested that tanks would be obsolete with the end of the Cold War, but recent low intensity operations have muted those comments. A Canadian Armed Forces Leopard 1 C2 Main Battle Tank pictured at Fort Bliss, Texas during Exercise SOUTHERN BEAR in 2008. Today, each of the variants are deployed in various quantities with the Lord Strathcona’s Horse in Edmonton, and the Royal Canadian Dragoons C Squadron and the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps School, both in Gagetown. They were then deployed to Afghanistan in 2010. The tank also used the AN/VSS-4 searchlight, which was mounted inside the tank and used a small aperture for use vice the big boxy German one used on their Leopard tanks. The Leopard C2 MBT is a Canadian upgrade of the German Leopard 1.Canada purchased 127 Leopard 1A3 MBTs in the late 1970s. Learn how your comment data is processed. The 2A4M turret system represents the latest digital standard, an upgrade shared with the most up-to-date Leopard 2s in Germany, Denmark and Qatar. “The Canadian Army used the British Centurion as its main battle tank for several years, but by the start of the 1970s it needed a more modern replacement. There is a Leopard 1A3 at the Canadian War Museum in Ottawa with modifications for the EMES 18 sight and muzzle reference system. The Canadian Leopard C1 with MEXAS should be a well received kit. Canadian Leopard 2A4M CAN review Old and less capable Leopard 2A4 tanks were used for Canadian training units. Canadian Leopard 2A4M CAN . “Right now, the Canadian commander [in Latvia] has tanks from Poland under his command and he knows how to use them effectively because he learned those skills here.” In the fall of 2006, the Lord Strathcona’s Horse (Royal Canadians) deployed to Afghanistan with 15 Leopard 1C2’s with enhanced MEXAS appliqué modular armour and they quickly demonstrated their effectiveness. The Canadian Leopard 2A4M tanks are operated by a crew of four, including commander, gunner, loader and driver. Their choice was the German Leopard and plans were made but changes and delays meant that the purchase was not made until 1976, by which time a new generation of tanks was all but ready to appear. This attractive photo album, the second Model Foto Focus from Trackpad Publishing includes colour full-view and walkaround captioned photos of Canada's latest battle tank. A camera with a 65° horizontal and vertical field of view positioned at the rear of the vehicle and a television monitor provide a reversing aid for the driver. The remaining hulls were converted to armoured recovery and engineer vehicles. In the first phase, 80 surplus Leopard 2A4’s were purchased from the Netherlands. For 40 years, Canadian soldiers relied on the Leopard 1 to provide direct fire support to manoeuvring forces. Loaner tank on exercise in Germany. With the exception of a short period in the early 2000’s, when General Rick Hillier recommended replacing them with a wheeled gun system, main battle tanks have been seen as a key part of the Army’s combat mix. They received a variety of modifications in Germany at … The improvements to the 2A4Ms that entered service were significant. The Canadian Leopard C1 Tank Service To replace its British-supplied 105 mm armed Centurion MBTs, Canada selected a modified version of the German Krauss-Maffei (which on 1st January 1999 became Krauss-Maffei Wegman) Leopard 1A3 fitted with the Belgian SABCA computerized fire-control system. I compared the paint with colour photos in Volume 3 of the Leopard Trilogy, colour photos in Concord Publications Leopard 1 and 2, The Spearheads of the West German Armored Forces, and colour photos in a 1991 issue of Tank Magazine. The first phase of the Tank Replacement Project eventually brought a mix of 40 upgraded 2A4Ms and 2A6Ms and 42 2A4 “training” tanks into service – 82 Leopard 2s in all. “Because we have tanks in Canada, and because of the way the international missions in which we participate are structured, it means we don’t have to deploy our tanks,” he observed. Leopard Club - Leopard Main Battle Tank modellers and enthusiasts Canadian Leopard 2A6M CAN in Afghanistan - Model Foto Focus by Anthony Sewards and Rick Saucier 2015, Trackpad Publishing, 80 pages, full-colour photos. ( Log Out /  The Leopard 2A4 Canadian tank was developed for the German ground forces and is the primary Main Battle Tank of several NATO countries. • Austria: The Austrian Army acquired 114 Leopard 2A4s from surplus Dutch stocks plus one turret. These were the then latest versions of the Army’s aging Leopard 1 that had entered service in 1978. The tanks were also upgraded to the most current all-electric turret drive and a digital central logic and main distribution system with an improved electrical system was installed. Canadian Leopard 2A4M CAN This attractive photo album, the second Model Foto Focus from Trackpad Publishing includes colour full-view and walkaround captioned photos of Canada's latest battle tank. Leopard 2 is equipped with a land navigation system from the company LITEF of Bonn, Germany, which … The Leopard 2A4M tank retains its MTU MB-873 Ka-501 turbocharged diesel engine, developing 1 500 hp. These were locally designated as the Leopard C1. Canada’s Centurions in Europe soldiered on into the mid-1970s until there were only two dozen operational tanks left which were maintenance nightmares. In the 2014/15 timeframe the vehicle will be modified to accept the mine roller system, track width mine plough, and a dozer blade. The Leopard 2A4 tank is a heavy armoured, main battle tank. Canadian Leopard tank. British tracked vehicles again supported Canadian infantry at Amiens in August 1918. They will continue their over-watch duties in front of many Canadian Army buildings and bases. Seven British tanks went into action with the Motor Machine Gun Brigade at Courcelette. Brakes and suspension were upgraded to coupe with increased weight. The Canadian Leopard 2A4M CAN is the most advanced Main Battle Tank in the Canadian Army. Canadians needed a better protected tank, especially against land mines and improvised explosive devices than their C2. The Leopard 2A4M CAN is a Canadian upgraded version of the Leopard 2A4 tank.In the mid 2000s Canadians realized the importance of main battle tanks when their Leopard C2 tanks were rushed in to Afghanistan. The procurement system caught up with events in June 2009 with the approval of the Tank Replacement Project. Their superior accuracy, ease of use and reliability bore fruit early when the Royal Canadian Dragoons’ (RCD’s) B Squadron won the NATO tank gunnery competition that year against major Allied nations. Leopard Club - Leopard Main Battle Tank modellers and enthusiasts Canadian Leopard C2 MEXAS in Afghanistan by Anthony Sewards, Rick Saucier and Miloslav Hraban 2010, Real Model, MPA 003. In addition to modifications that allowed the crew to operate efficiently in the heat of Afghanistan, protection and ease of operation were greatly augmented, including mine protection belly armour that brought about the “M” designation. 200+ photos. Space to the left of the driver is provided for ammunition stowage. Twenty Leopard 2A6M were borrowed from the German Army beginning in mid-2007 to support the Canadian deployment in Afghanistan, with the first tank handed over after upgrading by KMW on August 2, 2007, and arriving in Afghanistan on August 16, 2007. The Leopard 2A4 Canadian tank was developed for the German ground forces and is the primary Main Battle Tank of several NATO countries. A very unique aspect is that the Canadian tank crews went directly from training on the Leopards in Germany to taking them into combat in Afghanistan. The 2017 defence policy offers clear direction on priorities over a 20-year horizon. The Leopard 2A4 Canadian tank was developed for the German ground forces and is the primary Main Battle Tank of several NATO countries. ( Log Out /  Consequently, the Army is pushing ahead with its planning. The Canadian army had identified the need to replace the tank by the early 1960s, but a combination of defence policy changes and a shrinking budget stifled any replacement. “We are part of the brigade groups, the battle group and the combat teams and we are a force enabler to the infantry as much as they are to us,” said Lieutenant-Colonel Vincent Kirstein, commandant of the Royal Canadian Armour Corps School in Gagetown. Plans for an essential wider life-extension project are more difficult to clarify. A procurement project expected to launch in the next two to five years will see the replacement of obsolete components, with a focus on the operational 2A6 variant as the top priority. The drivers compartment is equipped with three observation periscopes. And you’ve probably only seen it painted German Gelbolive green with a white outlined … Canadian Leopard 2A4M CAN review. The Leopard 1-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this vehicle.. The Suomen Ilmavoimat (Finnish Air Force). The Canadian Leopard C1 Tank Combat History Bosnia: 1996 “The Canadian Army used the British Centurion as its main battle tank for several years, but by the start of the 1970s it needed a more modern replacement. The Austrian Army acquired 114 Leopard 2A4s from surplus Dutch stocks plus one turret. 20 Leopard 2A6 were purchased from the Netherlands and then … An additional 42 A4s were inspected, repaired and overhauled to become a national training fleet. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Canada’s Centurions in Europe soldiered on into the mid-1970s until there were only two dozen operational tanks left which were maintenance nightmares. The 3rd Canadian Tank Brigade was redesignated 2nd Canadian Tank Brigade, and then reorganized as 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade, and would act as an independent formation in the invasion of Europe. Here, a modified model for urban combat deployed in Afghanistan from 2008 to 2013. Old and less capable Leopard 2A4 tanks were used for Canadian training units. The tank is without a doubt a German Leopard 1A3 and not a Leopard C1 or a C2. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. There is a Leopard 1A3 at the Canadian War Museum in Ottawa with modifications for the EMES 18 sight and muzzle reference system. With the delivery of the new Leopard 2 Tank Mobility Implements in the fall of 2017, the last Leopard 1 tanks have been parked for good. Loaner tanks competing in the Canadian Army Trophy in 1977. The Royal Canadian Dragoons went on to win the Canadian Army Trophy for Tank Gunnery in June of 1977, with the rented Panzers. 76-mm multi-barrel grenade dischargers (16 tubes). The project also acquired four additional “Buffalo” armoured recovery vehicles. Though originally planned to be up-gunned to the L55 for consistency with the 2A6M CAN, the longer barreled guns (optimized for tank-vs-tank warfare) were found to be less than ideal in Afghanistan, and therefore it was decided to retain the L44 shorter barrel. The electric turret drive was a key change as it removed flammable hydraulic systems and replaced them with a technology that doesn’t add to the danger in the event of critical damage to the tank. Appliqué armour, like that installed on the most recent German Leopard 2A7+, was adapted and fitted across the glacis, hull deck and lower hull behind the suspension. The second phase included building a fleet of support vehicles funded under the Force Mobility Enhancement project, a separate major capital initiative. This topic is categorised under: Vehicles » Tanks » Leopard 1 Their choice was the German Leopard and plans were made but changes and delays meant that the purchase was not made until 1976, by which time a new generation of tanks was all but ready to appear. MBT 82: 42 Leopard 2A4 (trg role); 20 Leopard 2A4M (upgraded); 20 Leopard 2A6M (52 Leopard 1C2 in store). Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The correct terminology is a Leopard C1 with MEXAS for the purists. C1A1 was a term created by Canadian modellers. Canada’s LAV-III wheeled armored personnel carriers have played useful roles, using their sensor suites and 25m… As noted above, existing Leopard 1A5-CAN tanks (designated C2) have been a welcome addition to the fighting in Afghanistan, and their MEXAS ceramic-composite armor kits and combat engineering attachments increase their versatility. The tank first entered service in 1979 as the main battle tank of the German Army. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! The Canadian Leopard 2A4M CAN Tank during handover ceremony. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. This topic is categorised under: Vehicles » Tanks » Leopard 1 When I went to buy the paints, Model Master, the colours looked completelt wrong from the picture of the paint scheme that came with the tank. The Canadian C1 Leopard MBTs and variants were deployed in Canada and in Germany, but in 1993 the C1’s were returned to Canada following the withdrawal of all Canadian Forces from Europe. includes … A Canadian Tank Corps … One of each is also located at the Canadian Forces School of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering in Borden. The Leopard II tanks were available for less than half the cost of the Abrams. Leopard 2A4M CAN retains the 120 mm L/44 smoothbore gun with the same 42 rounds as its predecessor, it was originally planned to install the 120 mm L/55 gun. In 1996, the Canadian military updated the C1 tanks to 1C2s by replacing the turret with the turret from the German Leopard 1A5. The Leopard 2A4 tank derives its superior fighting capabilities through its optimal combination of firepower, protection, mobility and controllability. In 2009, Canada signed a contract with Germany’s Krauss-Maffei Wegmann Group to refurbish and upgrade 20 Leopard 2A4 purchased from the Netherlands to 2A4M CAN standard. While the two projects provided a long-term, sustainable tank force, deployable in medium to high threat environments, until at least 2035, there remain some major concerns. As stated in Strong, Secure, Engaged, “the Canadian Army will undergo a re-capitalization of much of its land combat capabilities and its aging vehicle fleets while modernizing its command and control systems.”. And running gear and side armour were enhanced. THE WAR OF THE SPANISH SUCCESSION – FRANCE. The Leopard 2A4 tank is a heavy armoured, main battle tank. The Destruction of Army Group Center, 1944. But obsolescence of several older generation 2A4 and 2A6M turret systems, designed in the 1970, is starting to impact the availability of turret components. The Leopards were the Main Battle tank of six nations (Germany, Netherlands, Denmark, Belgium, and Luxembourg) and were a standard NATO equipment. “There may be opportunities for international cooperation, mostly with Germany’s plan to continue upgrading its Leopard 2 fleet, such as the future 2A8 upgrade which is in the concept phase, and this should extend the Leopard 2’s life until 2050.”. The Leopard (or Leopard 1) is a main battle tank designed and produced by Porsche in West Germany that first entered service in 1965. A squadron of twenty Leopard 2A6M (“M” for extra mine protection) were borrowed from the German Army (Bundeswehr) beginning in mid-2007 to support the Canadian deployment in Afghanistan, with the first tank handed over after upgrading by KMW on 2 August 2007, and arriving in Afghanistan on 16 August 2007. ( Log Out /  The Canadian Army acquired 100 Leopard 2A4 tanks from the Netherlands in 2007. Under a Canadian ‘Tank Replacement Project’ for the Leopard C2, twenty Leopard 2A6s were leased from Germany. The Canadians began receiving their vehicles in … Some upgrades were made to commander's control systems and driver's viewing aids. 1. In particular, the Leopard 2A6 was deployed with Canadian forces to Afghanistan in 2007, … The major user of the tanks was the Royal Canadian Dragoons based at Lahr with the 4th Canadian Mechanised Battle Group (CMBG), essentially a brigade-sized structure. Indonesia received first eight 61 Leopard 2 RI (Republic of Indonesia) main battle tanks from Rheinmetall, in May 2016. The Leopard (or Leopard 1) is a main battle tank designed and produced by Porsche in West Germany that first entered service in 1965. Most of you are familiar with the Canadian Leopard C1. Leopard C2 Entered service in 2000. Change ). Canadian Leopard C2 MEXAS MBT Consequently, the Army is pushing ahead with its planning. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Shortly after the war ended, the tanks were returned to the British. The remaining 2A4s and 2A6Ms only had an inspection, repairs as required, and minor improvements such as the driver’s viewing system. The vehicle was developed by German Company KMW and the Canadian Army to meet their requirements with improvements, following lessons learnt operating the Leopard 2A6M in the Afghanistan War. (Photo above courtesy DND/Canadian Army) Share this article in your social network Share this Story: Canada's old Leopard 1 tanks for sale but no firm buyers at this point 20 of these tanks were loaned to the Canadian Army by the German Army for the Afghanistan War. The Leopard C1 is no longer in service, however a number were upgraded to The Canadian Leopard C2 Tank with its official roll out in November 23 1999. A case in point is the enhanced Forward Presence (eFP) Battle Group in Latvia. What if Eisenhower Had Driven On to Berlin? 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