In view of this, the plant is contraindicated in the exacerbation of any diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. , a perennial plant, belongs to ginger family (Zingiberaceae). The chemical composition of the GEOs is shown in Table 1, which reveals 20 kind of active components, accounting for 84.727% and 78.325% of the total content. The highest yield for volatile oil was obtained by the cumin sample, which was 2.52 ± 0.11%, while the fresh ginger showed the lowest yield (0.31 ± 0.08%). Chemical constituents and therapeutic properties of Ginger essential oil: The major chemical components of Ginger essential oil are camphene, a-pinene, b-pinene, zingiberene, geraniol, borneol, neral, geranyl acetate, 1,8-cineole, citral, b-bisabolene, linalool, nerol, geranial and y-terpineol. It can be produced in many countries but it does best in moist, tropical conditions. The highest yield for volatile oil was obtained by the cumin sample, which was 2.52 ± 0.11%, while the fresh ginger showed the lowest yield (0.31 ± 0.08%). Chemical composition of ginger oil . Also from the side reactions … So, this study was designed to evaluate the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of ginger (Zingiber officinale) and cumin (Cuminum cyminum). Data on maturity studies showed that the volatile oil, acetone extract and crude fibre content in ginger varieties increased steadily from September to December. There may be dozens of different complex chemical interactions allowing ginger to prevent or benefit conditions like heart attacks, arthritis and ulcers. Chemical composition of ginger essential oil Ginger oil's yield is varying from 1.0 to 3%, depending upon the source of rhizomes [9]. The aim of this study was to determine the chemical composition and antimicrobial activity for different extracts of ginger by investigating its effects on inhibition of biological activity of bacteria and fungi. 21, No. Chemical Analysis of Essential Oil of Ginger (Zingiber officinale)Misbah Sultan , Haq Nawaz Bhatti and Zafar Iqbal : Abstract: The present project was undertaken to evaluate the quality of ginger rhizomes imported from China and Thailand, on the basis of their essential oil content and composition. The antioxidant components analysed were polyphenols, vitamin C, β carotene, flavonoids and tannins. Chemical composition Ginger Lime Similar trend was reported by [13] in the experiment 4.72 2.46 on preparation, physico-chemical and sensory pH ±0.22 ±0.16 assessment of pawpaw-red ginger food drink. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or ginger, is widely used as a spice and a folk medicine. (2018). 6, pp. Lemongrass. Chemical composition of ginger and lime to the inherent acidity present in the lime juice. Due to importance The oil is sparingly soluble in 95 percent alcohol, but is generally soluble in 90 percent alcohol. Results obtained from the analysis of twenty six varieties of ginger showed that volatile oil, acetone extract, crude fibre and starch content varied from 1 to 2.7, 3.9 to 9.3, 4.79 to 9.8 and 40.4 to 59 per cent respectively. Several studies reported the antimicrobial properties of Z. officinale essential oil against various bacteria, as can be seen in Table 3. The highest yield for volatile oil was obtained by the cumin sample, which was 2.52 +/- 0.11%, while the fresh ginger showed the lowest yield (0.31 +/- … Ginger's Chemical Composition The mixture of zingerone, shogaols and gingerols is behind the special smell and flavor that distinguish ginger. In addition to the es-sential oil's yields, the chemical compositions of ginger oils are affected from the source of rhizome, freshness or dryness and extraction methods. It is native to India, and now extensively cultivated in the tropical and subtropical regions of South and Southeast Asia including China, Indonesia, and India, and some areas of Africa with a warm and wet tropical climate. Ginger and cumin both are recognized for their antioxidant properties. Zingiber officinale Roscoe is commonly used in food and pharmaceutical products but can also be used in cosmetics and daily necessities. spices, i.e., ginger and cumin. Pushpa S. Murthy. Chromatographic analysis showed that the chemical profiles of the extracts (obtained using CO 2 as the solvent) were similar and contained oxygenated monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes. Mace’s chemical composition is similar to that of nutmeg, as they are both obtained from the same plant. The physico-chemical composition and antioxidant potentials of 6 new varieties of Ginger was evaluated. The volatile oils of ginger ginger are the most sortafter ginger in the international - market though the whole dry ginger commands higher price because of the longer time it takes for the product to get dried-up and ready for sales. The antioxidant components analysed were polyphenols, vitamin C, β carotene, flavonoids and tannins. In this study, the chemical composition of F‐Ginger oil and V‐Ginger oil was first compared by GC‐MS, and then their ethanol extracts were further analyzed using the UPLC‐QTOF‐MS/MS. The volatile oils of ginger obtained by the two extraction methods included characteristic volatile components such as zingiberene, α-curcumene, and 6-gingerol . There is a separate discussion of essential oils from India, China, and other Southeast Asian countries, including Japan. Chemical composition Ginger essential oil was collected by steam distillation process. Essential oils have a chemical composition rich in volatile and odorous secondary metabolites, mainly monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes. Extraction. Citral is also used in perfumery for its citrus odour. It is a herbaceous perennial which grows annual pseudostems (false stems made of the rolled bases of leaves) about one meter tall bearing narrow leaf blades. The chemical composition of the GEOs is shown in Table1, which reveals 20 kind of active components, accounting for 84.727% and 78.325% of the total content. So, this study was designed to evaluate the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of ginger (Zingiber officinale) and cumin (Cuminum cyminum). 3.4.1 Antibacterial activity of ginger. The pungency of ginger is caused by a range of compounds called gingerols. Chemical composition, phytochemical and antioxidant activity from extract of Etlingera elatior flower from Indonesia Askal Maimulyanti, Anton Restu Prihadi Abstract The flower of Etlingera elatior (torch ginger) is widely used in traditional medicine and as a flavour in food was extracted. The oil is extracted by means of steam distillation from the unpeeled or dried, ground-up root (rhizome) of the plant, and can yield about 2 - 4 % oil. Chemical composition of ginger essential oil: The characteristic of pleasent and aromatic odour of ginger is due to an essential oil. Materials and Methods Plant material The dry rhizomes of ginger plant were collected from herbs Chemical Composition and Skin Protective Effects of Essential Oil Obtained from Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants: Vol. Ginger Oleoresin Chemical Composition, Bioactivity and Application as Bio‐Preservatives. Plantation Products Spices & Flavor Technology Department, CSIR‐Central Food Technological Research … Further discussion centers on synthesis and biosynthesis of pungent compounds of ginger rhizomes, including essential oils of ginger, and their physicochemical properties and chemical composition. Corresponding Author. Ginger contains form 0.25 to 3 percent of volatile oil of light yellow colour. From the composition results presented in Table 2 it can be seen that ginger contains a high number of active and pungent ingredients. Chemical composition and antioxidant properties of ginger root ( Zingiber officinale ) Shirin Adel P. R.* and Jamuna Prakash Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Mysore 570 006, India. The chemical composition and antioxidant activity (in aqueous and solvent extracts) of Ginger root (Zingiber officinale) were determined. There are more than four hundred taste, fragrance, nutrient and synergistic constituents interacting to create an endless number of medicinal benefits. The name ginger is said to be derived from the Gingi district in India, where tea made from ginger is used for stomach upsets. Mace. For example, ginger substances in the composition of ginger can irritate the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestines. Citral is a mix of two different isomeric aldehydes, neral and geranial. Another factor is that 3% of ginger’s chemicals are made up from oil that is composed of 200 chemical substances such as: A Comparative Study on Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Ginger ( Zingiber officinale ) and Cumin ( Cuminum cyminum ) essential oil or ginger. Ginger is a spice and medicinal plant gaining attention in the pharmaceutical, food and chemical industries. In recent years, many scholars have studied the chemical composition of Zingiber officinale Roscoe; therefore, it is necessary to comprehensively summarize the chemical composition of Zingiber officinale Roscoe in one article. 1542-1549. The various chemical components identified in the essential oils of officinale are Zingiber shown in Table 2, oxygenated monoterpenes were the dominant constituents in the Z. officinaleoil (10 compounds, 92.12%) of which citral (2, 6octadienal, 3, 7- … Ginger is utilized widely as a spice, for pickles, candies and as a medicinal herb. So, this study was designed to evaluate the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of ginger (Zingiber officinale) and cumin (Cuminum cyminum). 1.1 Economic and Social Impact of Ginger In the 1980s, ginger world production was estimated at 100,000 t, but because of the several The estimated chemical composition of ginger was: moisture (15 ±0.033)%, fiber (17± 0.03)%, ash (6.5±0.001)%, protein (5.2±0.I)I%, fat (8.0± 0.003)% and carbohydrates (48.3 ±1.16)%. For the extracts obtained via supercritical technology, the most … The chemical composition and antioxidant activity (in aqueous and solvent extracts) of Ginger root (Zingiber officinale) were determined. As a spice, for pickles, candies and as a medicinal herb such as zingiberene, α-curcumene, 6-gingerol. Nutrient and synergistic constituents interacting to create an endless number of medicinal benefits be dozens of complex. 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